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September 18, 2012     The Hinton News
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September 18, 2012

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i C'l | m cq | IC , ! (Continuing the Hinton Daily News & The Weekend Leader) Home of "W. Va. Water Festival" Volume 110 No. 23 Hinton, West Virginia Tuesday Sept. 18, 2012 50 Cents The Summers County Bobcats opened the 2012 season picking McMellon. Row Three: Sean Willey, Austin Holland, Eric Lindsey, up wins over Pikeview, James Monroe and Grafton. Team Isaiah Brown, Timmy Kitchen, Jacob Lively, Tyler Bragg. Row members shown left to right. Front row: Kevin Richmond, Dustin Four: Greg Shrewsbury, Brandon Ritter, Harley Moore, Josh Smith, Smith, A.J. Bennett, Coach Josh Houchins, John Gilbert, Cody Markiece Lukach, Dante Ellis, Zach Grady. Back Row: Chad Harah, Buddy Vega. Row Two: Matt Ryan, Caleb Harrah, Zach Gill, Meador, Chris Vicars, Nate Tanner, Bob Whittle, Norman Farley, Allen Brown, Jacob Ratliff, Trevor Anderson, T.J. Smith, Logan Tommy Ward. The United States Senate passed Massachusetts pressured for the the bill creating the state of West immediate abolition of slavery Virginia in July of 1862, but not within the state, while others, without considerable debate and the including Willey, favored a middle surprising loss of a statehood ground of gradual emancipation. advocate. The addition of 15 counties On July 1 Sen. Waitman T. Willey beyond the original 48 designated by of the Reorganized Government of the constitutional convention also Virginia moved to take up the bill came under scrutiny. Willey argued as put forth by the Committee on counties added in the Valley of Territories. Virginia did not correspond to the No action was taken immediately, natural, commercial, and social but on July 14 Ohio Sen. Benjamin boundary of the Allegheny Wade, chairman of the Committee Mountains. on Territories, reintroduced the Willey proposed amending the bill debate over West Virginia. to require that the new constitution "The people of Western Virginia need only be approved by the are entitled to what they ask and previous convention. He eventually they are entitled to the good will and accepted Wade's proposal to free all good fellowship of this Senate, to slaves under the age of 21. endeavor to do for them that which Later called the Willey they have fairly earned," Wade said. Amendment, it read: "The children The committee had called for of slaves born within the limits of stipulations, including this State after the fourth day of emancipation of the children of all July, eighteen hundred and sixty- slaves born on or after July 4, 1863, three,shall be free; and all slaves a new state constitution and a public within the said State who shall, at referendum to approve it. the time aforesaid, be under the age Sen. Charles Sumner of often years, shall be free when they Commission Signs Marshall Proclaimation whereas, 3ohn ~arshall served ~f the ~Inited States 18o to 1835, and as Chief gustice defined 91merican jurisprudence raising the Supreme our't to a-co-equal bratich of Government mid laying the groundwork for pres'ent da!/ ConstirutionaI faw; and, Whereas, while serving as Chief. 5ustice, 5ohn Btarshall venture'd into the wilderness of western Virginia to survey a canalroute to cottnect Richmond with the Btississippi basin; and, whereas, during this trek, exactly 200 years this month, he andother notables of the day spent 9 @swithinthe boundaries of the current Summers Count, West Virginia; q~here(ore Summers County Commissionproclaims September 23 to Septem~er 3oth to be called 3ohn Btarshall wee~, aru{ erdorses'the celebrations of his journey which are takins place: 1) Sept. 23 at the Graham ~louse in owell, where qVlarshall spent the n ht before his 57th birtfufay; 2), Sept. 28th at the Summers Counnj Courthouse, honoring his arrival at mo" uth of the Green6rier (River; and, 3), Sept. 3oth at the q lational Park Visitors' Center in Sandstone, recognizing his im.pressions of Sandstone Falls. arrive at the age of twenty-one years; and all slaves over ten and under twenty-one years,shall be free when they arrive at the age of twenty-five years; and no slave shall be permitted to come into the State for permanent residence therein." Throughout the proceedings Virginia Sen. John Carlile had remained uncharacteristically silent. An orator of some renown, Carlile was considered a lion of the new state movement. He had served on the committee that wrote the bill. Carlile now spoke up, arguing against his colleague in favor of a popular referendum on the new constitution. When Sen. Samuel C. Pomeroy of Kansas accused him of attempting to delay the vote on West Virginia statehood, Carlile defended a popular vote as the only option being inline with constitutional democracy. "For one, I never would consent to have the organic law of a State framed for its people by the Congress of the United States," he said. As the debate progressed Carlile's comments became more charged. He began to question whether state conventions, legislatures, and votes had truly been representative. He also voiced criticism of the "naturalness" of the new state's borders and support for the enlargement of the original boundary so that other counties might join. Carlile's opposition was a drastic reversal and colleagues were shocked at his stance. "It takes us all by surprise, and it jeopardizes the measure," Wade said. Witley responded that Carlile was raising "an objection which is calculated and designed to thwart this whole movement." "Now, sir, I have at heart as much as any man this separation, but I have other things at heart, too," Carlile said. In the end it was Wade who had the last word. He called Carlile's conversion greater than St. Paul's. "No gentleman urged the measure upon us more strongly than he,...and yet all at once, when we become earnest and see that the people want this done, we have to encounter his violent, determined, persistent opposition .... There is no reason on God's earth why, if Western Virginia is ever to be a State, she should not be admitted now." The bill passed later that day in the Senate. Those who opposed it included Carlile, Sumner and others who questioned its constitutionality. Public outcry rang out against Carlile. Resolutions were passed in Marshall and Taylor Counties calling for his resignation. Some Continued on page 10 The Liberty Bell cracked while presentations. Marshall spent the tolling his death in 1835. Marshall night of Sept. 23rd at the Graham University bears his name, being House, the next day celebrating his founded two years later. John 57th birthday while the crew pushed Marshall served as Chief Justice of and pulled their batteau boat down theUnited States from 1801to 1835, the low water of the Greenbrier and his opinions helped form the River. basis of our Constitutional law. The survey team reached the And, John Marshall spent more mouth of the Greenbrier on than two weeks in what is now September 28th. That evening, southern West Virginia. In the fall National Park Ranger Frank Sellers of 1812, exactly 200 years ago, he led will present the story of the survey a survey party into the wilds of at 7 Phi in the Summers County western Virginia, following the Courthouse. The event is free, course of the James, Jackson, everyone welcome,with refresh- Greenbrier, New, and Kanawha ments provided by the Summers Rivers, from Lynchburg to County Historical Society. TheWest Charleston. He attempted to Virginia Humanities Council is actualize his hero George sponsoring this event. Washington's vision of developing a Sandstone Falls, an obstacle to trade route from Richmond the resourceful Marshall Survey connecting westward to the Ohio Party, was none-the-less appreciated River. The dream did not become by the Chief Justice as a place of reality until the C & O Railroad was great beauty. Filmmaker Jon Averill constructed in the 1870s, following has assembled a 11/2 hour closely along Marshall's surveyed multimedia journey entitled An route. Extraordinary Expedition into a For this reason, the Summers Wild and Wonderful Land, to be County Commissionhasproclaimed presented at the National Park John Marshall Week, September Visitors Center in Sandstone at 3 23rd to September 30. Three special p.m. on Sunday, September 30... the events in the county will honor the moment when the Marshall party Chief Justice and his trek through was polling their boat past the falls, the beautiful county. 200 years before. The event is free First, the historic Graham House and sponsored by the Summers in Lowell (between Talcott and County Landmarks Commission. Alderson), hosts the John Marshall Also, hear about the 1812 River Birthday Supper, 12 noon to3 PM. .Commission Survey on "West Cost is $12 ($6 under 12); enjoy Virginia Morning"on West Virginia colonial meat pie, brown rice pilaf, Public Radio, Monday through green beans, corn pudding, biscuit, Wednesday, September 24, 25 and coffee or tea. The meal, an old 26at 7:30a.m. Catherine Moore has Riverside Inn favorite, is first come, prepared a series of three radio first serve, with no reservations; also segments exploring the historic enjoy the free exhibits and journey and its impact on our region. Landscaping and trail development took a giant step earlier this month at the John Henry Historical '.Park when volunteers from the AmeriCorps National Citizens Conservation Corps gathered at the park for a demonstration project in preparation for the 2013 National Scout Jamboree. Over a two day work schedule volunteers cleared brush for open spaces, as shown below, and created attractive walking trails giving the park ground another dimension. Rick Moorefield, above, is shown demonstrating how to use an ax as part of his safety presentation prior to the start of trail development. Photographs by John I/V. Farrell